The gladius is a short sword which narrows near the base of the blade. This shape makes the sword effective at cutting as well as thrusting. The gladius is best known as a primary weapon of the Roman legions. It forced Roman soldiers to get in close to their enemies and to kill quickly. It was the Roman defeats of the famous Greek hoplites that showed the sword to be more deadly than the spear.
The fascinating photograph below was recently found in a junk shop in a small Free State town. Captured by the Lindley based (Orange Free State) photographer SF Scholtz, this image, dating from around 1906, portrays four unknown young people posing in a photographic studio with a human skull neatly placed on a foot stool in front of them.
This is a collection of essays by 12 distinguished academics who are top art historians, visual culture analysts, historians and educational leaders. They have teamed up to analyse the phenomenon of Afrikaner nationalism as this political movement or ideology found expression in visual images, public sculptures, architecture, cartoons, and the Voortrekker Monument.